The Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) sets the standards that all our early years’ practitioners must meet to ensure that children learn and develop well and are kept healthy and safe.


The EYFS, which includes development and learning covering four guiding principles: - A Unique Child, Positive Relationships, Enabling Environments and Learning and Development. 

These principles form the basis of the Early Years Foundation Stage and are incorporated into the seven areas learning and development goals.


The areas of learning and development

There are seven areas of development that must shape educational programmes in all early year’s organisations. All areas of learning and development are important and inter-connected.

Three areas are particularly crucial for igniting children’s curiosity and enthusiasm for learning, and for building their capacity to learn, form relationships and thrive.


These three areas are the prime areas:

Communication and language: development in this area involves giving children opportunities to experience a rich language environment, to develop their confidence and skills in expressing themselves in a range of situations.

Personal social and emotional: development in this area involves helping children to develop a positive sense of themselves, and others, to form positive relationships and develop respect for others: to develop social skills and learn how to manage their feelings: to understand appropriate behaviour in groups: and to have confidence in their own abilities.

Physical: development in this area involve providing opportunities for all children to be active and interactive: and to develop their co-ordination, control, and movement. Children must also be helped to understand the importance of physical activity, and to make healthy choices in relation to food.

Practitioners will also support all children in the four specific areas through which the three prime areas are strengthened and applied.


The four specific areas are:

Literacy: development involves encouraging all children to link sounds and letters and to begin to read and write. All children will be given access to a wide range of reading materials, such as books, poems and other written materials to ignite their interests.

Mathematics: involves providing all children with opportunities to develop and improve their skills in counting, understanding and using numbers, calculating simple addition and subtraction problems, and to describe shapes, spaces and measures.

Understanding of the World: involves guiding all children to make sense of their physical world and their community through opportunities to explore, observe and find out about people, places, technology and the environment.

Expressive arts and design: involves enabling all children to explore and play with a wide range of media and materials, as well as providing opportunities and encouragement for sharing their thoughts, ideas and feelings through a variety of activities in art, music, movement, dance, role-play and design and technology.


The age divisions are used as a guide only – children of the same age may develop at very different rates. When placing your child in one of our playrooms we will work closely with you to ensure that the placement meets the individual needs of your child. Your child will always be encouraged to investigate opportunities to mix with children of other ages and abilities.


The Key Person Approach 

‘Children learn to be strong and independent from the base of loving and secure relationships with parents and a key person.’ 

Positive Relationships, EYFS


The Key Person is the named practitioner assigned to an individual child to support his/her development and act as the key point of contact with that child’s parent/carers. The Key Person has special responsibilities for working with a small number of children.

The Key Person will ensure they meet the needs of each child in their care and respond sensitively to their feelings, ideas and behaviour, talking to parents to make sure that the child is being cared for appropriately for each family.

At Bright Futures a key person will be allocated to your child throughout their learning journey within all rooms.